To Kill a Mockingbird
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Scout and Jem Finch are growing up in the tired old Alabama town of Maycomb. Their father, Atticus, is the local lawyer and as a single parent tries to raise his children with honor and respect to their individualism. With the Depression on times are hard, and there is no money to be found anywhere in town.
To amuse themselves Scout, Jem, and their best friend Dill begin a relentless campaign during their summertimes to get Boo Radley, their reclusive, legendary neighbor, to come out of his house. They concoct endless schemes and even go so far as to create a play that details BooÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs life. Atticus forbids them to have anything to do with Mr. Radley, urging them to let the poor man be.
Atticus is a good man, and one day takes on a case that affects him personally. A black man, Tom Robinson, is accused of beating and raping a white woman, Mayella Ewell. Most of the county is convinced immediately that Tom is guilty of the crime, and begin to look at Atticus in a very negative way for actually defending him and trying to do right by him. Scout and Jem begin to get tormented over their father at school, and Atticus begs them not to get riled up over the townÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs prejudice.
As the trial begins it becomes apparent to Scout and Jem that there is no way that Tom Robinson could have beaten and raped Mayelle Ewell, as heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a cripple. Atticus proves that to the jury, and Scout and Jem are astonished when Tom is slapped with a guilty verdict anyway. They begin to realize that many people in town are very prejudiced against blacks, and their hearts are saddened by it. ItÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs hard for them to understand how people can be so mean to each other, and they both begin to see that, even in court where things are supposed to be unbiased, menÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs hearts bring in their own hatreds.
It isnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt much longer that Tom is shot and killed for trying to escape while in prison. Jem especially takes the whole affair hard, and it takes him a long time to come to grips with the juryÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs decision, and TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs death.
After the trial has died down Bob Ewell, MayelleÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs father, begins threatening Atticus for embarrassing him in court, and resolves that heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll get him back one way or another. Atticus is convinced that heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs all talk, and passes it off as such.
Time crawls past, and finally Bob Ewell is good to his word and attacks the children Halloween night with a knife. He breaks JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs arm and almost kills Scout, but Boo Radley, of all people, comes to their rescue and saves them. The sheriff, Heck Tate, hushes the whole thing over so Boo Radley will not be dragged into the spotlight, and Scout is thrilled to finally get to meet the man they for so long fantasized about. As she walks him back home, she realizes that all this time he was watching them from his front porch windows, and just for a little while she is able to stand in his shoes.
Atticus Finch- Atticus is Scout and JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs father. He is the local lawyer in town, and tries hard to raise his children so they have integrity and the ability to come to their own conclusions about things. He does this by living his own life to his high standards, and this is in part why he feels compelled to take on Tom RobinsonÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs case. He knows that he will lose, but he has to try anyway.
Scout Finch- Scout is the main character, and the narrator. As she grows up in Maycomb she begins to understand why her father tries so hard to do the right thing. She is precocious, very much a tomboy, and for a time is obsessed with her neighbor, Boo Radley.
Jem Finch- Jem is ScoutÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs older brother. He especially finds it hard to grapple with the townÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs prejudice in light of the fact that Tom Robinson is most certainly innocent. As he gets older, he finds his own way to come to terms with the town he lives in, and the people around him. He always looks out for Scout, and saves her life the night they are attacked.
Calpurnia- Cal is the FinchÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs cook, and is a mother-figure to Scout and Jem. She is stern but loving underneath, and tries hard to keep Scout on the straight and narrow.
Aunt Alexandra- Aunt Alexandra is AtticusÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs sister who comes to live with them when the trial starts. She is obsessed with the background of the FinchÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs, and tries hard to impress upon Jem and Scout that they are a "Fine Family", and that the children should act as such. Scout and Jem, who love wearing overalls and playing outside, let her scolding go in one ear and out the other.
Dill Harris- Dill is Scout and JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs best friend. He lives in Meridian and only comes to Maycomb during the summertime. He is a scrawny boy who is very much a dreamer, and becomes just as obsessed with making Boo Radley come out.
Maudie Atkinson- Miss Maudie is ScoutÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs next door neighbor. She loves being outdoors and is one of the few people in town who feels that Tom Robinson deserves a fair trial and that he most likely did not do what Mayelle Ewell is accusing him of. She offers Jem and Scout many insights into their fatherÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs character, and help them understand why he does what he does.
Tom Robinson- Tom is the black man accused of beating and raping Mayelle Ewell. His right arm is crippled from a farm accident that happened when he was a child, making it a physical impossibility that he beat the young woman. He is married with children, and is very nice and soft-spoken.
Mayelle Ewell- Mayelle comes from a very poor family and lives by the town dump. She is the one accusing Tom Robinson of raping her, but itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs obvious that she made advances toward Robinson and that when her father found out, he beat her. She lives a very sad life.
Bob Ewell- Bob is MayelleÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs father, and is a drunk, mean-spirited man who is very prejudiced. Atticus embarrasses him in court, and he resolves to pay him back somehow, which he does when he tries to kill Jem and Scout.
Heck Tate- Heck Tate is the local sheriff, and is a good man like Atticus. He, too, tries to help Tom Robinson out in his own way. He and Atticus are good friends.
Arthur "Boo" Radley- Boo Radley lives on the same street as Jem and Scout, but he never comes out of his house. This, of course, endlessly fascinates the kids. They try for many years to get him to come out, and all their schemes never work. The only time they ever see him is the night he saves their lives from Bob Ewell.
Mrs. Dubose- Mrs. Dubose is a cantankerous, bitter old woman who lives at the end of the street. She never has anything good to say to anyone, but Atticus constantly tells the two of them to ignore her foul words and treat her with courtesy and respect.
Scout Finch is growing up in a hot, tired Alabama town, where there is nothing to buy and nothing to buy it with. She and her older brother, Jem, live with their father, Atticus, the local lawyer, and their cook, Calpurnia, close to downtown Maycomb. TheyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre all related by blood or marriage to everyone in town, so itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a close-knit group to say the least.
As our story begins, summer has just started. Scout is six, and Jem is ten, and they have just discovered a boy hiding in their next door neighbors turnip greens. HeÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a scrawny kid whoÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs name is Dill, and the three become instant friends as soon as itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs revealed that Dill has already seen "Dracula", which gives him instant credibility.
As summer progresses and favorite games become old hat, Scout, Jem, and Dill become obsessed with making Boo Radley come out. Boo Radley lives up the street from Scout and Jem, and legend has it that he never comes out of his house. Any small crimes or mysterious happenings in town are said to be his work, and rarely will anyone pass the house alone at night. Their first raid consists of a dare between Dill and Jem. He must run to the Radley house, touch it, and run back. He finally does it, but only after 3 days careful thought and much ribbing from Dill.
When September rolls around and Dill leaves to go back home to Meridian, Scout realizes that sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs starting her first year of school. After her first day, however, sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs determined not to go back. After trying to explain the complicated backgrounds of some of the county folks to the new teacher, Scout lands herself into trouble again and again, and is not quite sure how. It should be obvious, she thinks, that offering Walter Cunningham a quarter for lunch is simply not done. They donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt take help from anyone, and the reason why he doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt have a lunch is because he canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt afford one. When she tries to explain this to the new teacher, however, she gets her hands slapped by a ruler.
When lunchtime finally rolls around, sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs grateful to get out of class and go home.
Scout wastes no time paying back Walter Cunningham for getting her started on the wrong foot with the new teacher. It isnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt until Jem comes and stops her that she quits tormenting him in the playground, and she nearly falls over when Jem invites the poor boy to lunch at their house.
The day doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt improve when she embarrasses Walter at the table and is forced to eat in the kitchen by Calpurnia.
When she returns to school the dayÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs drama isnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt over. Miss Caroline, the teacher, is horrified to discover a cootie in the hair of Burris Ewell, a hulking, angry boy who quickly reduces Miss Caroline to tears as he slouches out of the room, his first and only day of school over.
That evening Scout is weary from the dayÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs crimes and begs Atticus not to send her back to school anymore. The fact that Miss Caroline forbade her to read and write anymore is really whatÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs distressing her, and when Atticus strikes a deal with her that if she will concede to go back to school theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll continue reading together like always, she happily accepts.
As the schoolyear inches along, Scout begins to realize that sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs far more educated than her peers, and even more so, perhaps, than her teacher. As construction paper and crayon Projects evolve day after day, she realizes she is just plain bored.
As she walks home from school there is a huge oak tree that sits on the corner of the Radley lot. She passes it every day without incident, only one day she spots two pieces of chewing gum in a knot in the tree. After making sure it wonÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt kill her she hastily crams it into her mouth, and Jem is furious with her when he finds out, convinced that itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs poisoned by Boo Radley.
During their walk home on the last day of school Scout and Jem find another treasure in the tree, this time two old, shined up pennies.
When Dill arrives for the summer two days later the group resumes their obsession with Boo Radley. They create a play that reenacts BooÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs life, and continue with it all summer long until they are very nearly caught by Atticus.
When Dill and Jem start excluding Scout from their plots she begins to spend more time with her next door neighbor, Miss Maudie Atkinson. Miss Maudie is garden obsessed, and spends her evenings reining over her front porch in the twilight. Scout gets a lot of valuable information from her about Boo RadleyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs past, and the reason, perhaps, why he never comes out.
The next day she uncovers a major plot by Dill and Jem to pass a note to Boo Radley. Scout protests but they threaten her and before she knows it sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs part of the scheme. Things proceed fairly smoothly until theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre caught by Atticus, who forbids them to set one more foot on the Radley property and to leave Mr. Radley alone.
The last night of the summer Jem and Dill hatch the biggest plot of them all (reasoning that, if they get killed, theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll miss school instead of vacation). They decide to try and peep into one of the windows at the Radley house. When Scout (who until tonight knew nothing of the plan) starts to protest, they call her a girl and threaten to send her home. With that, she joins them.
Things take a disastrous turn when Boo RadleyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs older brother, Mr. Nathan Radley, hears them and, thinking theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre intruders, fires a shotgun. They barely make it through the fence in time and high tail it back home so theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre not missed by the adults. When they step into the gathering crowd to discuss the gunshot Scout is horrified to realize that Jem is missing his pants. Dill hatches a good one and tells Atticus that he won them from Jem playing strip poker. The adults seem satisfied with the lie, and donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt suspect them of causing the gunfire at the Radley place.
After they slink off, Scout discovers from Jem that he lost his pants as they were scurrying through the wire fence. They got caught and he had to leave them behind or risk getting shot. Late that night Jem decides to go after them rather than risk Mr. Nathan finding them the next morning and turning him in. Scout pleads with him not to go, but he does it anyway. When he gets back, he doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt say a word but lies in bed, trembling.
JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs silence about that night lasts for a week. They both start school again, and Scout discovers that the second grade is worse than the first, and the only consolation is that now she gets to stay as late as Jem and they can walk home together.
ItÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs during this walk home one afternoon that Jem finally opens up about his sojourn trip back to the Radley place to retrieve his pants. He tells Scout that his pants were not tangled up the wire as he left them but were folded neatly on the fence post, as if someone was expecting him to come back and get them.
As they approach the oak tree with the knot hole they discover a ball of twine. After waiting a few days to make sure that the knot hole is not some other childÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs hiding place, they take ownership of everything they find in there from here on out.
The next treasure they discover in there is the figure of a boy and girl carved out of soap. TheyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre carved to look like Scout and Jem. The next prize is an old pocket watch that doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt run. They decide to write a letter to whomever is leaving them things, but theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre shocked to discover the next day that the hole has been filled with cement.
When they question Mr. Nathan Radley (BooÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs brother who does leave the house) he tells them the tree was sick and he had to do it. Upon questioning Atticus, however, he tells them that tree is perfectly healthy.
That fall Maycomb endures the coldest snap since 1885, and Scout thinks the world is ending one morning when she wakes up and finds snow on the ground. Although itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs only a dusting, Jem is determined to build his first snowman and sets out creatively making one out of dirt, and then using the precious white snow to cover it up.
That night the temperature drops even further and all the stoves in the house are lit for warmth. Scout is awakened in the middle of the night by Atticus, who tells her Miss MaudieÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs house next door is on fire and they have to get out. They spend the night in front of the Radley driveway, watching the commotion.
The men of Maycomb help as much as they can getting furniture out of her house while there is still time, but eventually the whole thing is up in flames. They donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt go back inside the house until morning, and Scout is horrified to discover sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs wrapped up in blanket and she has no idea where she got it. She almost falls over when they deduce it was Boo Radley that brought the blanket out to her in the night, and she never even knew.
TheyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre heartened to discover the next day that Miss Maudie is not grieving for her lost house, saying she always wanted a smaller one anyway.
As the school year progresses Scout begins to get teased at school over her father, atticus is called a"nigger lover" and one night she asks Atticus why people are talking about him. He tells her thatÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs taken on a case that affects him personally and because he is defending this man, Tom Robinson, there is a big stink about it in town. Atticus asks Scout that, no matter what she hears, sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs not to get into a fight with someone over this case. True to her word, she doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt. Until Christmas.
Their Uncle Jack Finch comes down from Boston, which is the good part of Christmas. The bad part is that they all have to spend Christmas day at Aunt AlexandraÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs house at FinchÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs Landing. Even worse, their cousin Francis is there, and Scout hates him.
Things go smoothly until after dinner when, alone in the backyard with Scout, Francis starts calling Atticus all sorts of terrible names because heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs defending a black man. Scout sails in with her fists to defend him and gets caught by Uncle Jack. She doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt have a moment to tell her side of the story, and moments later theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre on their way back home. SheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs finally able to tell her story to Uncle Jack later that night, and he apologizes for jumping all over her when he shouldÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂve been punishing Francis.
The neighborhood excitement starts up again in February when Tim Johnson, a mangy dog owned by a man on the other side of town, is discovered walking up the street with rabies. The sheriff is called and he and Atticus drive up with a gun to shoot it. Scout and Jem watch in amazement as their father, whom theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂve never seen hold a gun in his life, takes aim and shoots the dog square in the head from an amazing distance. TheyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre further shocked to discover that he is the deadest shot in Maycomb county, an accomplishment heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs never bothered to mention to them since he doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt like guns.
The day after JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs 12th birthday finds the two walking into town to spend his birthday money. The downside to taking the route into town is that they have to walk past Mrs. DuboseÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs house, a cantankerous, bitter old woman who lives at the end of the street. She never has anything good to say to anyone, but Atticus constantly tells the two of them to ignore her foul words and treat her with courtesy and respect.
Normally theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre able to do this, but today their patience is pushed thin when she starts insulting AtticusÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs decision to defend Tom Robinson. They wait until theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre on their way back home from town and suddenly Jem starts destroying Mrs. DuboseÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs flowers with ScoutÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs baton wand, chopping them viciously off the bush and scattering them across her yard. When Atticus comes home later that evening, he knows heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs in for it worse than heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs ever been.
Atticus makes Jem go to her house and talk with her, and when Jem returns he says that she is making him read to her everyday for the next month. When Monday comes around, Scout goes with him to keep him company, and the days drag by.
When she dies a month later, Atticus informs them that Mrs. Dubose was a morphine addict who had decided she was not going to die addicted to the drug. JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs afternoons of reading to her broke her from her addiction, and she was able to die in peace.
As summer begins Scout is crushed to discover that Dill will not be joining them. When Atticus has to go out of town for two weeks, Calpurnia decides that she will take them to church with her. Aside from one woman, Jem and Scout are welcomed into the African church with open arms and theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre amazed to see how different it is from their own staid church service.
TheyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre also amazed to find out that the church collection is going to Helen Robinson, TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs wife, and the Reverend is not letting anyone leave until theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂve collected $10, which is what she needs each week to support her kids. Purses are scraped and pockets searched, and finally everyone comes up with enough money and the doors are opened.
They also find out that Tom is in jail because heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs accused of raping Bob EwellÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs daughter, Mayelle (who is white), which is why the entire town is in an uproar over Atticus taking on the case.
When they get back home from church, they find Aunt Alexandra on the front porch swing waiting for them.
As Scout and Jem begin to question Aunt Alexandra, she tells them sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs come to stay awhile (which could be days or years, according to MaycombÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs customs). She settles in and the county welcomes her with open arms, although she certainly adds a formidable presence to Jem and ScoutÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs daily routine. She begins trying to instruct the two on how to be a proper Finch (since they come from, in her words, a Fine Family) but both Scout and Jem have no interest in becoming a little gentleman and a little lady, and hardly bother trying to learn.
As life continues on with Aunty in the house, one night Scout goes to bed and steps on something soft and warm and round, which she thinks is a snake. After calling Jem in for a thorough investigation under her bed they find Dill under there, dirty and starving and still his same old self.
Scout finds out that the reason why Dill ran off was because his parents just arenÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt interested in him, and he spends most of his days alone. He spends the night with them, uncertain what the next day will bring.
ItÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs decided a week later that Dill will stay in Maycomb with his Aunt Rachel, which makes Scout and Jem happy.
One night theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre all relaxing in the living room when Mr. Heck Tate, the sheriff, comes knocking at the door with a group of men, warning Atticus that the local group of no-accounts might try to come at Tom Robinson this weekend. He is being held in the Maycomb jail.
The next night Atticus mysteriously leaves the house and on a hunch Jem, Scout and Dill go looking for him in town. They finally find him reading a book on the porch at the jailhouse. Once Jem is satisfied that Atticus is ok they turn to go, but suddenly a line of cars pull up and a group of men get out and surround the porch.
Things get serious when Scout, Jem, and Dill rush into the crowd to AtticusÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs defense, and although he tells them to go home they donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt budge. Scout realizes that these men are strangers, and that theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre here to get Tom Robinson.
Scout finally sees that she does know one man in the crowd, Mr. Cunningham, WalterÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs father, and as she tries to make conversation with him the entire group falls silent, listening to her talk about Walter and Mr. CunninghamÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs entailment, which Atticus is currently helping him out on. Although she doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt realize it, she makes them all realize that they are acting barbaric and finally itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs Mr. Cunningham who calls off the mob and makes everyone go home.
The next morning, Saturday, the whole county begins to file into town to watch Tom RobinsonÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs trial. Jem and Scout run a constant commentary for Dill, explaining the backgrounds and tendencies of everyone that passes. After lunch they head into town themselves to watch the trial. Due to the immense crowd thereÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs no room downstairs but Reverend Sykes, the black preacher from CalpurniaÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs church, gives them seats in the colored section upstairs. When they get up there and sit down, they see the first witness is Mr. Heck Tate.
As Atticus begins to question the sheriff, who was the one that immediately saw Mayelle after she was raped, he immediately begins to find holes in his testimony that proves there is no way that Tom Robinson could have beaten and raped the girl, although at this time the jury and crowd donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt really know where heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs going with his questioning. All that is apparent is that MayelleÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs right eye was blackened and that all around her throat was bruised, as if two strong hands had tried to strangle her.
The next witness to take the stand is MayelleÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs father, Bob Ewell, who is poor, uneducated, and downright mean-spirited. As Atticus begins to question him, it becomes finally apparent to Jem where heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs going. He suddenly sees that there is no doubt that it was Bob Ewell who beat up Mayelle and then pointed the finger at Tom. Scout still doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt see it, however, and thinks Jem is counting his chickens before theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre hatched. As she looks at the back of Tom Robinson, who is big and strong, she thinks he easily could have hurt Mayelle.
Mayelle is the next to take the stand, and as Atticus questions her he begins to poke holes in her testimony as well. Finally he asks Tom Robinson to stand up so Mayelle can identify him, and everyone sees that his left arm is fully 12 inches shorter than his right, and is crippled and unusable. Scout finally sees that there is no way he could have choked Mayelle and blacked out her right eye. ItÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a physical impossibility.
He then begins to ask her if it was really her father that beat her up but she refuses to say, and she refuses to say another word after she accuses Tom Robinson one more time.
The next and last witness is Tom Robinson himself. Tom tells the jury that he went into MayelleÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs yard lots of time to help her with little chores, and that she was always asking for his help. When he starts talking about the night of the rape he tells everyone that Mayelle invited him in to do a chore and then started coming on to him, trying to kiss him, and it was her father that saw what she was trying to do through the window. Tom tried to resist her without hurting her, and as soon as he could get away he took off running. He is soft-spoken and polite. But he makes the mistake of telling Mr. Gilmore that the reason he helped Mayelle is because he felt sorry for her. And in those times, a black man feeling sorry for a white woman or even saying it may as well be a crime.
During the cross examination by Mr. Gilmore Dill begins crying and canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt stop, so Scout takes him outside for some fresh air. Dill canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt get over how cruel Mr. Gilmore (the prosecutor) is to Tom Robinson, and another man is outside the courthouse and knows exactly why Dill is so upset.
The man is Mr. Dolphus Raymond, a local character who is ostracized because he married a black woman. To tone down the talk about him around the town he pretends to be a drunk, but it is really Coca Cola that is in the paper sack he carries around. He tells Dill that people can be very cruel sometimes and that it makes him sick too. Scout knows she shouldnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt be out talking to this sinful man, but she finds him nice and fascinating.
When they get back inside the courthouse they find Atticus in the middle of his closing statement, and Jem is convinced theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre going to win the case since Tom Robinson could not have physically done what Mayelle is accusing him of.
When they go home that evening for dinner they can hardly wait to go back to the courthouse because they donÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt want to miss the verdict. They wolf down their supper and race back. The jury stays out a long time, till almost midnight, deciding on a verdict, and Scout falls asleep waiting to hear. Finally they come back with a verdict: guilty.
Jem starts to cry, and canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt believe the jury would convict Tom when it was so obvious he hadnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt done it. He and Scout are both in shock.
The next morning theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre all surprised at the amount of food that was left on the back porch from people in the community, mostly from CalpurniaÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs neighborhood, to tell Atticus "thank you" for defending Tom Robinson, in spite of the verdict.
They have a conversation with Miss Maudie who tells them that it wasnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt just Atticus trying to help Tom Robinson. They Judge was trying, Mr. Heck Tate was trying, there were lots of people behind the scene trying. They might of lost the case, she says, but only Atticus could have kept a jury out so long deciding. In her mind, itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a baby step towards equality.
The next drama of the day is that Bob Ewell spits in the face of Atticus and says heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll get him back for embarrassing him so badly in court. Atticus passes it off as an empty threat, and does his best to assuage the fears of Jem and Scout, who are very worried for him.
Atticus has not lost hope for Tom Robinson, either. ThereÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs still the appeal, which heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs confident that they have a good chance of winning.
As Jem and Scout discuss the lives and ways of Maycomb county folks after the trial, they begin to realize something disturbing about human nature, and the ways people can come up with to just be mean spirited. Jem begins to understand that the reason Boo Radley never comes out of his house is not because he can't, but is because he doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt want to come out.
As September inches closer Scout is introduced to formal tea time, hosted by Aunt Alexandra, who is on a relentless campaign to teach her to be a lady. As Scout navigates through the social hour sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs lost on how ladies can look so pretty and delicate, and yet trap each other with conversation, revealing an aggressiveness you canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt really see except when they talk to each other. She decides she feels much more at home in her fatherÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs world.
When Atticus comes home early from work and interrupts tea Scout knows somethingÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs up. She follows him into the kitchen and learns that Tom Robinson is dead. He made a break for it at the prison and was shot by the guards. Atticus enlists the help of Calpurnia to go and tell TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs wife, Helen. Scout, Miss Maudie, and Aunt Alexandra pull themselves together and rejoin the ladies at tea.
Jem and Dill were able to witness the sad affair of Atticus having to tell Helen that Tom is dead, as his car passed them as they were walking back from swimming at Barkers Eddy. Atticus was very gentle about it, but Helen fainted away. The town of Maycomb was interested in TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs death for about two days, and then moved on to other things.
Jem tells Scout that he heard from the grapevine that Mr. Ewell was threatened them again, saying that there was one down and two to go. Jem believes that heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs all talk and warns Scout not to breathe a word to Atticus, and not to worry.
As school starts Jem begins high school (7th grade) and Scout rarely sees him until dark. SheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs in 3rd grade now, and although the Radley place ceases to terrify her she still thinks about Boo, and regrets ever tormenting him the way they used to.
One day in class they start talking about Adolf Hitler, and Scout discovers that her teacher, Miss Gates, hates Hitler and feels strongly that his persecution of Jews is wrong. Scout is confused about this, however, because during the summer at the trial she heard Miss Gates distinctly saying ugly things about Tom Robinson, and how this should teach them all a lesson. When she asks Jem about it, why Miss Gates can hate Hitler and yet feel Tom RobinsonÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs verdict is justified because heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs black, Jem gets very upset and yells at her not to ever talk about that trial to him again.
When she goes to Atticus for comfort he tells her that Jem is just trying to come to terms with something in his head, and when he does heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll start being himself again.
As October crawls forward a few things happen in town. The Judge finds a nighttime crawler in his yard but doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt see who it is. Helen Robinson, TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs wife, starts working for Mr. Link Deas, TomÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs old employer, who offers her a job because he feels so badly about what happened to Tom. She has to go a mile out of her way to avoid the Ewell place, because each time she passes they antagonize her. When Mr. Deas finds out about it he goes over to the Ewell place and threatens Mr. Ewell to leave Helen alone. The next day Mr. Ewell follows Helen all the way to work and Mr. Deas has to chew him out again. To Aunt Alexandra, it bodes trouble.
As Halloween approaches Scout learns that she will be required to participate in the school pageant, an agricultural themed production where sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂll be playing the part of "Pork". Her costume is a large ham hock fashioned out of brown cloth and chicken wire. Everyone else is too worn out to come to the nightÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs pageant, so Scout and Jem go alone.
ItÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs a really dark night, but Scout has fun playing the various games the school put on before the pageant. The entire county is there to watch the show, and Scout invariably falls asleep waiting for her part in the play and makes her entrance much too late. SheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs mortified, but it makes everyone laugh. Because sheÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs so embarrassed about her performance she asks Jem to wait until most of the people have left the school before they begin walking home.
As they start their journey back home in the pitch black dark, Jem begins to hear someone following them. At first they think itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs their friend, Cecil, trying to scare them, but they begin to realize that itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs not. Before they know whatÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs hit them theyÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂre attacked from whomever is following them. Scout is crushed under her costume, and then Jem screams. She canÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt see a thing, and then things grow quiet and she realizes there are now 4 people under the tree.
Scout stumbles out into the road, calling for Jem, and then sees a man walking unsteadily, carrying Jem in front of him towards their house.
When she gets inside Atticus quickly calls the doctor and the Sheriff, and none of them know how badly Jem is hurt until Dr. Reynolds gets there and informs them that heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs got a broken arm.
Heck Tate gets there next and tells them all that Bob Ewell is lying under the tree where they were attacked, dead with a kitchen knife stuck in his ribs.
Scout tells them all what happened leading up to the attack. The man that carried Jem into the house is still in the room with them, but heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs so silent and in the shadows that they pretty much forget heÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs there. Heck Tate tells them that ScoutÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs costume probably saved her life, as there is a slash mark through the chicken wire where Bob Ewell tried to stab her.
When she gets to the end of her story she realizes that the man who saved their lives, the man who carried Jem home, is Boo Radley.
As Dr. Reynolds starts to set JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs arm they all head to the front porch, where Boo will be more comfortable in the shadows. Scout leads him out and sits beside him in the deepest shadow.
Atticus and Heck Tate get into a battle of wills over who really killed Bob Ewell. Atticus believes Jem did it, and refuses to have the affair "hushed up" so itÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs hanging over JemÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs head and the county has ample material for gossip. Heck Tate contends that Bob Ewell fell on his knife, and flat out refuses to tell anyone that Boo Radley killed him (which is what really happened). His reason is because he knows all the ladies of Maycomb county would be by BooÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂs house bringing him cakes to thank him, and he knows Boo doesnÃÂ¢ÃÂÃÂt want to be dragged into the limelight. Finally, Atticus agrees to the story, and thanks Boo for saving his children.
Scout leads Boo back into the house one last time so he can say goodbye to Jem, who is still sleeping, and then she walks him home. After he goes inside she stands on his front porch and realizes that she can see the entire neighborhood. She understands that all through the years Boo has watched them grow up, playing games and living their lives. She begins to understand that maybe she and Jem did give something to Boo after all. She gives him a hug and heads back home.